Do you ever wonder just how the weather forecasters predict what kind of weather we’ll have? They do this by Meteorology, which is the study of the atmosphere, any atmospheric phenomena, and atmospheric effects on our weather. Our atmosphere is defined as the gaseous layer of the physical environment that surrounds a planet. The atmosphere of earth is roughly 100 to 125 kilometers, the equivalent of 65-75 miles, thick. Due to gravity, the atmosphere stays in one place and doesn’t expand any farther.
Meteorology is just a smaller part of atmospheric sciences, which covers all of the studies of the atmosphere. Aeronomy and climatology are also smaller parts of atmospheric sciences. A meteorologist will use the scientific principles to observe, explain, and forecast the weather. The main focus for a meteorologist is atmospheric research or operational weather forecasting. A research meteorologist covers several disciplines of meteorology that include: remote sensing, air quality, atmospheric physics, climate chance, and climate modeling. They are also known to study and research the relationship between the Earth’s climate, oceans, and biological life.
Weather forecasters will use that research along with the atmospheric data that was recovered to assess the state of the atmosphere and make predictions of its future state. To measure atmospheric conditions that is at the Earth’s surface and above, there are many instruments that are used. They range from ships, aircrafts, radars, weather balloons, satellites, weather stations, and even buoys.
The data that is collected is then transferred to centers throughout the world that can produce an accurate analysis of the data and the global weather. This is then passed on to the national and regional weather center, which feeds this data into computers that model the future state of the atmosphere. This transfer of information can also be a demonstration of how our weather takes place, as it is all interconnected.
The meteorologists of today use a variety of different tools that can help them describe, predict, model, and examine the weather systems. These technologies are always being improved and applied on different meteorological scales, which improves the forecast accuracy and efficiency.
The radar is an important remote sensing technology used in forecasting. A radar dish is active, and it sends out radio waves that bounce off the particles in the atmosphere and then return it to the dish. A computer then processes these pulses and determines the dimension of the clouds and the precipitation. It also can determine the direction and the speed at which the clouds are moving.
There is a new technology that is becoming more popular, and that is the dual-polarization radar. This transmits both horizontal and vertical radio wave pulses. Because it has two pulses, it can get a better estimate of the precipitation. It is also more accurate at differentiating types of precipitation, such as rain, sleet, snow, or hail. This new technology will help warn against flash floods and winter weather more quickly.
A meteorologist can actually include several different occupations, such as weather forecasters, climatologists, and researchers in atmospheric sciences, consulting meteorologists, lecturers, and weather broadcasters.
Being a meteorologist can be tough, as it requires knowledge in higher mathematics, advanced chemistry and physics, and computer proficiency. To become a meteorologist, you will need a BS of Meteorology or Atmospheric Sciences. If you wish to embark on the journey of becoming a meteorologist, you must be very interest in the physical world and the atmosphere. If you do enter this career, than you may end up working nights and weekends, because the weather and the atmosphere is constantly in motion and changing. If you would like to work reporting the weather on T.V, you will need classes in journalism, mass media communication, atmospheric physics, and chemistry. Working for a private weather consulting firm is also a good form of employment, which would be the field of forensic meteorology.